Ramadan, a month of profound spirituality, reflection, and self-discipline, is one of the most significant events in the Islamic calendar. Observed annually by Muslims worldwide, this holy month commemorates the first revelation of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). As the Islamic calendar follows the lunar cycle, the date of Ramadan shifts by approximately 11 days each year. In this blog, we’ll delve into Ramadan’s meaning, rituals, and benefits to provide a comprehensive understanding of this sacred month.

Check out our Ramadan Hub here for more information about CAIR Oklahoma’s Ramadan activities.

Understanding Ramadan: The Spiritual Significance

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and community. The spiritual significance of Ramadan lies in its focus on self-discipline, personal growth, and increased devotion to Allah (God). Through acts of worship, charity, and self-control, Muslims strive to grow closer to Allah, purify their hearts, and become more compassionate and mindful individuals.

Fasting: The Central Ritual of Ramadan

One of the Five Pillars of Islam, fasting (or “sawm” in Arabic) is the key practice during Ramadan. Adult Muslims, with exceptions for those who are ill, traveling, pregnant or breastfeeding, or experiencing other health conditions, are required to abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs from dawn (fajr) to sunset (maghrib) each day throughout the month. Fasting serves as a means to increase self-discipline, control desires, and develop empathy for the less fortunate.

Fasting is not without its challenges, particularly in the workplace and in school. For this reason, CAIR Oklahoma has developed guides to Knowing Your Rights in the Workplace and Knowing Your Rights in School during Ramadan.

The Two Main Meals During Ramadan:

Suhoor: The pre-dawn meal, consumed before the fajr prayer, is known as suhoor. It provides the necessary energy and nourishment for the day ahead. Suhoor typically consists of a balanced and nutritious meal to sustain the individual during fasting hours.

Iftar: The evening meal, called iftar, is taken at sunset after the maghrib prayer. It is customary to break the fast with dates and water, followed by various dishes that often include soups, salads, and main courses. Iftar meals are often times to join with family, friends, and community to enjoy traditional foods and desserts together.

Interested in participating in a Ramadan Iftar event? CAIR Oklahoma hosts our Annual Ramadan Iftar with Elected Officials and our Annual Young Professionals Iftar every year.

Increased Acts of Worship and Prayer

During Ramadan, Muslims engage in additional prayers and acts of worship to seek Allah’s forgiveness and guidance. Taraweeh prayers, held nightly at the mosque, are a unique feature of Ramadan, providing an opportunity for Muslims to come together and recite the Quran in congregation. Throughout the month, many Muslims also aim to complete the entire Quran, either through individual reading or by attending taraweeh prayers.

Interested in participating in our Annual Ramadan Day of Service? Check out our 2023 Ramadan Day of Service event here.

Charity and Community

Ramadan is a time of increased charitable giving and community involvement. Muslims are encouraged to perform acts of kindness, share their blessings with the less fortunate, and strengthen the bonds within their communities. Zakat, another of the Five Pillars of Islam, is an obligatory form of almsgiving based on one’s wealth, often distributed during Ramadan. In addition, Muslims may choose to give voluntary charity (sadaqah) to support those in need.

Eid al-Fitr: The Celebration

Ramadan culminates in the celebration of Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of the fasting month. The festivities commence with a special prayer service held at mosques and Islamic centers, followed by a sermon. Muslims dress in their finest attire, exchange gifts, and visit friends and family to share the happiness of the occasion. It is also a time to extend generosity to the less fortunate. Many Muslims give zakat al-fitr, a charitable donation typically consisting of food staples, to ensure everyone can enjoy the festivities.


Ramadan is a sacred month that provides Muslims with an opportunity for spiritual growth, self-discipline, and increased connection to their faith. Through fasting, prayer, reflection, and acts of charity, Muslims strive to improve themselves and their relationships with others. As the world becomes increasingly fast-paced, Ramadan offers a chance to slow down, focus on what truly matters, and foster a sense of unity and compassion within the global Muslim community.